Instructions given by Empress Catherine II for the upbringing of her grandchildren
by Baigalmaa staff
Instructions given by Empress Catherine II for the upbringing of her grandchildren
Photo by Bill Eccles on Unsplash
Empress Catherine II of Russia could not bring up her son Pavel I on her own, and she was not involved in raising her son under the instructions of her mother-in-law and mother-in-law, according to the old Russian customs. It is said that there was no other way than the young woman to watch and endure the fact that she did not do something worthy. In 1862, as soon as she became the queen after making a revolution in the palace, she said, "My son is ill and will not recover his mind, because this is the result of upbringing, I will not make my grandchildren like this." His "Instructions on Education", which he skillfully put forward the educational method, has remained as a document in the amount of wonderful teaching on raising a healthy individual, which is a combination of strictness, patience, creativity and freedom. This educational instruction contains 126 Russian folk proverbs and 2 fairy tales. Although modern psychologists disagree with some of these guidelines, it is undeniable that many of them are still useful today.

- Don't stop them from playing, let them play as they want
- By giving them freedom to play, you will be able to learn about their personalities and preferences
- Children's desire to play should not be suppressed, blocked, or given warnings. Same goes for small mistakes, leave it to time and intelligence to fix.
- Playing is not really a game, but the most useful exercise.
- Educators should listen to the children's dialogues, including those addressed to him, carefully listen and talk, and lead the children to the desire to find reasons.
- Make it clear that lying is intolerable, and those around you are prohibited from doing such a thing.
- Keep bad habits away from children's eyes and ears. In addition, it is forbidden to use swear words, rude words, and to get angry.
- When giving a warning, it should be given in person, but praise should be given in the presence of others
- If you start crying and demanding when you refuse, you should not fulfill your wish
- When teaching, we should pay more attention to instilling the desire to learn, not to force them to teach and not to kill them
- Encouraging curiosity, listening carefully to their questions and giving accurate answers, as well as making them want to learn on their own
- Foreign languages should be learned by themselves, only by speaking and communicating in that language
- Because the mind is not strengthened, it is forbidden to memorize a lot of things
- Intimidation during training is prohibited. When the mind is filled with fear, the result is worse than writing with a detached hand.
- In order to wean the child from the toy he loves, let him play for several hours at a time until he gets bored with the toy.
"Instructions for the education of Alexander the Great and Constantine" March 18, 1784. Catherine II. /History of the Russian Emperors, volume 10, pages 310-330/